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Globals

In Aurelia 2, templates are designed to limit direct access to global variables like window or document for security reasons. However, there are scenarios where access to certain global variables is necessary. Aurelia allows access to a predefined list of global variables commonly used in development.
To reduce boilerplate, Aurelia allows template expression to access a fixed list of global variables that are usually needed. Those globals are as follows:
Infinity
NaN
isFinite
isNaN
parseFloat
parseInt
decodeURI
decodeURIComponent
encodeURI
encodeURIComponent
Array
BigInt
Boolean
Date
Map
Number
Object
RegExp
Set
String
JSON
Math
Intl

Global Examples

Here are some examples of using globals inside of Aurelia templates. The usage is the same as it is inside of Javascript, except in your Aurelia templates.

Working with JSON

Manipulate JSON data directly in your templates.
<template>
<pre>${JSON.stringify(user, null, 2)}</pre>
</template>

Mathematical Operations

Perform calculations using the Math object.
<template>
<p>The square root of 16 is ${Math.sqrt(16)}</p>
</template>

Conditional Rendering with isNaN

Display content conditionally based on numeric checks.
<template>
<p if.bind="isNaN(value)">Not a number</p>
</template>

Regular Expressions with RegExp

Use the RegExp constructor to create dynamic regular expressions for data validation or manipulation.
<template>
<input value.bind="email" type="email" placeholder="Enter email">
<p if.bind="new RegExp('^\\S+@\\S+\\.\\S+$').test(email)">Valid Email Address</p>
</template>

Dynamic Object Property Access with Object

Access properties dynamically on an object using the Object constructor.
<template>
<p>Property Value: ${Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor(user, selectedProperty)?.value}</p>
</template>

Set Operations with Set

Demonstrate set operations like union, intersection, or difference.
<template>
<p>Unique Numbers: ${[...new Set(numbersArray)]}</p>
</template>

Encoding and Decoding URLs with encodeURI and decodeURI

Manipulate URL strings by encoding or decoding them.
<template>
<a href.bind="encodeURI(externalLink)">Visit External Site</a>
<p>Original URL: ${decodeURI(externalLink)}</p>
</template>

Number Formatting with Intl.NumberFormat

Format numbers using Intl.NumberFormat for localization.
<template>
<p>${new Intl.NumberFormat('en-US', { style: 'currency', currency: 'USD' }).format(price)}</p>
</template>

Complex Array Manipulations with Array

Demonstrate complex array manipulations, such as chaining methods.
<template>
<p>Processed Data: ${Array.from(dataSet).filter(x => x.isActive).map(x => x.value).join(', ')}</p>
</template>

Best Practices and Considerations

  • Use Sparingly: Rely on global variables only when necessary. Prefer component properties and methods for data and logic.
  • Security: Be cautious of the data processed using global functions to prevent XSS attacks and other vulnerabilities.
  • Performance: Frequent use of complex operations like JSON.stringify in templates can impact performance. Consider handling such operations in the component class.
  • Reactivity: Remember that changes to global variables are not reactive. If you need reactivity, use component properties or state management solutions.