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CustomElement API

The CustomElement resource is a core concept in Aurelia 2, enabling developers to create encapsulated and reusable components. Understanding how to leverage the CustomElement API is crucial for building robust applications. In this documentation, we will delve into the usage of CustomElement and its methods, providing detailed examples and explanations.

CustomElement.for

This method retrieves the Aurelia controller associated with a DOM node. The controller offers access to the element's view-model, lifecycle, and other properties.

Usage Examples

Retrieving a Controller for the Current Node

import { CustomElement } from 'aurelia';
const myElement = document.querySelector('.my-custom-element');
try {
const controller = CustomElement.for(myElement);
// You can now interact with the custom element's controller
} catch (error) {
console.error('The provided node does not host a custom element.', error);
}

Searching Parent Nodes for a Controller

const someInnerElement = document.querySelector('.some-inner-element');
const parentController = CustomElement.for(someInnerElement, { searchParents: true });
// parentController is the closest controller up the DOM tree from someInnerElement

Getting a Controller for a Named Custom Element

const controller = CustomElement.for(myElement, { name: 'my-custom-element' });
if (controller) {
// The controller is for a custom element named 'my-custom-element'
} else {
// No custom element with the specified name found
}

Retrieving a Controller Without Throwing an Error

const optionalController = CustomElement.for(myElement, { optional: true });
if (optionalController) {
// The node is a custom element and its controller is available
} else {
// The node is not a custom element, no error thrown
}

Parameters

  • node: The DOM Node for which to retrieve the controller.
  • opts: An object with optional properties to customize the behavior of the method.

Return Value

Returns an instance of ICustomElementController or null/undefined, depending on the options provided and whether a controller is found.

CustomElement.define

The define method registers a class as a custom element in Aurelia.

Usage Examples

Defining a Custom Element with a Name

import { CustomElement } from 'aurelia';
@customElement('my-custom-element')
class MyCustomElement {
// Custom element's logic here
}
CustomElement.define('my-custom-element', MyCustomElement);

Defining a Custom Element with a Definition Object

const definition = {
name: 'my-custom-element',
template: '<template><span>${message}</span></template>',
bindables: ['message']
};
CustomElement.define(definition, MyCustomElement);

Parameters

  • nameOrDef: A string representing the name or a PartialCustomElementDefinition object with configuration options.
  • Type: The class containing the logic for the custom element.

Return Value

Returns a CustomElementType representing the defined custom element.

CustomElement.getDefinition

Retrieves the CustomElementDefinition for a custom element class.

Usage Example

import { CustomElement } from 'aurelia';
const definition = CustomElement.getDefinition(MyCustomElement);
// Access the definition's properties, such as name, template, bindables, etc.

Parameters

  • Type: The class of the custom element.

Return Value

Returns a CustomElementDefinition object with metadata about the custom element.

CustomElement.annotate and CustomElement.getAnnotation

These methods are used to attach and retrieve metadata to/from a custom element class.

Usage Examples

Annotating a Custom Element Class

CustomElement.annotate(MyCustomElement, 'someProperty', 'someValue');

Retrieving an Annotation from a Custom Element Class

const value = CustomElement.getAnnotation(MyCustomElement, 'someProperty');
// value now holds 'someValue'

Parameters

  • Type: The custom element class to annotate or from which to retrieve annotations.
  • prop: The property key for the annotation.
  • value: The value for the annotation (for annotate method).

Return Value

CustomElement.annotate does not return a value. CustomElement.getAnnotation returns the annotation value.

CustomElement.generateName

Generates a unique name for a custom element, which is useful for components that do not require a specific name.

Usage Example

const uniqueName = CustomElement.generateName();
// Use uniqueName when defining an anonymous custom element

Return Value

A string representing a unique name for a custom element.

CustomElement.createInjectable

Creates an InjectableToken for dependency injection.

Usage Example

const myToken = CustomElement.createInjectable();

Return Value

An instance of InjectableToken.

CustomElement.generateType

Dynamically generates a CustomElementType with a given name and prototype.

Usage Example

const DynamicElement = CustomElement.generateType('dynamic-element', {
message: 'Hello from Dynamic Element!',
showMessage() {
alert(this.message);
}
});
CustomElement.define('dynamic-element', DynamicElement);

Parameters

  • name: The name of the custom element.
  • proto: An object representing the prototype of the custom element.

Return Value

A CustomElementType that can be used to define a custom element.